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What are the stages of liver disease?

Most liver diseases damage your liver in many ways, which generally looks the same as any underlying disease. The liver plays a vital role in many bodily functions from protein production and blood clotting to cholesterol, glucose (sugar), and iron metabolism.

Liver disease results due to disturbance of liver function. The liver is responsible for many critical functions within the body. The loss of these functions can cause significant damage to the body. Liver disease is also referred to as hepatic disease.

Symptoms of liver diseases include weakness and fatigue, weight loss, nausea, vomiting,  yellow discoloration of the skin (jaundice), hematemesis, abdominal distension loss, etc. 

Early Diagnosis of Liver Disease is very Important

Your liver is an incredible organ that performs important functions in the body. Early diagnosis may prevent any further damage to your liver. The damage from liver disease can often be reversed with a well-managed treatment plan.

Many people with liver disease do not look or feel sick even though the damage is happening to their liver. In the progression of liver disease, the damage becomes irreversible and leads to liver failure, liver cancer, and other serious consequences.

Chronic liver disease can ultimately cause damage to your liver.

Common Causes of Liver Disease

  • Viruses
  • Genetics
  • Excessive use of alcohol
  • Poor diet and/or obesity
  • Reactions to medications, street drugs, or toxic chemicals.

The liver is predictable before collapsing into liver decay. There are some major stages when it comes to measuring the extent of liver disease. If you know where exactly you are in the different stages of liver disease, you can effectively combat the problem and turn the problem around.

Below are the stages of liver disease, 


Stage 1- Inflammation

The first thing you should know is what the liver does for us – It detoxifies our blood. The blood takes the waste products out of various organs that end up in the liver. There are more toxins than the liver can properly handle. In response, our bodies react to the imbalance due to inflammation. This causes the organ to swell in size. The upper right area of your abdomen becomes tender on touching and causes pain.

Inflammation is a sign of the mentioned diseases: viral hepatitis or immune hepatitis, alcoholic fatty liver, or a non-alcoholic fatty liver. The latter can occur without noticeable inflammation. If you have these symptoms, consult a Stomach specialist in Amritsar right away. At this stage, the damage is potentially reversible. You must not wait or else you might find yourself in the second stage before you act.

Stage 2: Scarring (Fibrosis)

The inflammation will start to scar your liver if it is unchecked. Your liver will become less efficient if the scarred tissues do not perform like healthy tissue. This process is considered Fibrosis. If the tissue within the liver is overtaken by Fibrosis, toxins will build up, waiting to be processed. The more this happens, the tissues will become more fibrotic and incapable of performing their function.

The real danger here is that the scarring can stop the blood flow through the organ. Tissues start to die if they do not get enough blood supply. But before you get there, you will experience the third stage. The liver can surely bounce back from Stage 2 with proper medication and changes to your lifestyle.

Stage 3: Cirrhosis

At this stage, your liver is severely scarred and cannot heal itself. Cirrhosis takes a long time to develop. So, there is plenty of time to act before things start getting critical. The bad news is this is usually the stage where liver disease makes its presence.

There will be pain and you will start feeling tired all the time, fatigued easily. You will eat less because there will be no appetite. You will feel bloated even though you are not eating much. This is caused by the build-up of fluid since the liver is not functioning properly. The area around your liver will be itchy and irritating. The result will be jaundice.

Other complications can arise from Stage 3. It is at this stage that you start to be most susceptible to developing liver cancer.

Stage 4: Liver Failure

There are two types of liver failure. Acute Liver Failure happens fast, within 48 hours, and the second type is Chronic Liver Failure. It is the latter that mostly leads to the need to have a liver transplant. This is necessary why you need to pay attention to your body during Stages One & Two. Liver transplants are not easy and the recovery from any of these major surgeries can be traumatizing.

As the liver proceeds to fail, you will experience diarrhea along with a lack of appetite and weight loss. You will also feel confused and disoriented. As these symptoms are not unique to just liver disease, people miss the proper diagnosis and do not act accordingly.

The physical symptoms cannot be understood or diagnosed until later stages, it is wise to get tested regularly with a blood test.

Guidance of Stomach Specialist in Amritsar

Provide your stomach specialist in Amritsar with a detailed family health history to determine your risks for liver disease. There are hereditary liver diseases that can run in families. Sometimes our genes put us at a greater risk for developing lifestyle-related liver diseases like Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and Alcohol-Related Liver Disease.

Always be honest with your gastroenterologist about your lifestyle, as it is an important factor in determining risk for liver disease. Since your liver processes according to everything you eat, drink, breathe, or absorb through your skin, it can be impacted by many different factors. 

It is important to keep an updated list of the medications you take, even if it is something you buy without a prescription at a store (diet supplements, vitamins, pain relievers, allergy medications, etc.).

Many medications can cause damage to the liver. Being open with your doctor about your diet, exercise, and other lifestyle habits is very important! Your best gastroenterologist can provide you the best care when they are aware of all the factors contributing to your health.

Contact EMC Group of Hospitals

EMC Group of Hospitals is a group of super-specialty hospitals having a specialized and highly experienced team of doctors and assistant staff that work effortlessly 24×7 keeping the patient’s health a priority. Our mission is to improve the well-being of patients and communities by delivering innovative, compassionate, patient, and family-centered healthcare that is enriched by education and technology.

We, at EMC Group of Hospitals, have the best gastroenterologist in Amritsar, the latest technology, and pieces of equipment to support and sustain the needs of every patient visiting our hospitals.

Get genuine treatment at your reachable EMC Hospital!


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