What is Food Poisoning?

Food poisoning, also known as foodborne illness, is an illness caused by consuming contaminated food or drink. Contaminants can include bacteria, viruses, parasites, or toxins. The symptoms can range from mild discomfort to severe illness, and in some cases, can be fatal.

Common Causes of Food Poisoning

Bacterial Contamination

Viral Contamination

Parasitic Contamination

Toxins and Chemicals

Nausea and Vomiting: Often the first signs of food poisoning. – Diarrhea: Can be watery or bloody. – Abdominal Pain and Cramps: Indicative of the body’s effort to eliminate the toxins. – Fever: Common with bacterial infections. – Fatigue and Weakness: Due to dehydration and loss of nutrients.

Symptoms of Food Poisoning

Risk Factors

Infants and Young Children: Weaker immune systems. – Elderly People: Reduced immune function. – Pregnant Women: Higher susceptibility to certain bacteria like Listeria. – Individuals with Chronic Conditions: Weakened immune systems, such as those with diabetes or HIV/AIDS.

Prevention of Food Poisoning

Cleanliness: Always wash hands, utensils, and surfaces before and after handling food. – Separation: Avoid cross-contamination by keeping raw meat separate from other foods. – Cooking: Ensure food is cooked to the proper temperature to kill harmful bacteria. – Storage: Refrigerate perishable foods promptly. Do not leave them out for more than two hours.

Consult a Healthcare professional